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St. Mary's Center for Orthopaedics


Bursitis and Tendonitis

What is Bursitis? Bursitis is inflammation (swelling, heat) or irritation of a bursa. Bursae are small sacs between bone and other moving parts, such as muscles, skin or tendons. The bursa allows smooth gliding between moving …
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Dislocated Shoulder

What causes a dislocated shoulder? If the ligaments that holds the shoulder muscles to bones tear and can't hold the joint together, the shoulder is dislocated. A fall onto an outstretched hand, arm or the …
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FAQ’s: Shoulder Injuries

Common Injuries of the Shoulder Normally, the shoulder has a wide range of motion, making it the most mobile joint in the body. Because of this flexibility, however, it is not very stable and is vulnerable …
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Fractures of the Shoulder (Scapula, Collarbone)

The collarbone, also called the clavicle, is the bone over the top of your chest, between your breastbone (sternum) and shoulder blade (scapula). It is easy to see and feel the clavicle, because unlike other …
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Frozen Shoulder

What causes a frozen shoulder? This extreme stiffness in the shoulder can occur at any age, but occurs most often between 40 to 60 years of age. Although the causes are not completely understood, it can …
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Labral Tear (Glenoid Labrum of the Shoulder)

What is a Labral Tear? A labral tear is a cause of shoulder pain. The glenoid labrum provides extra support for the shoulder joint, helping to keep it in place. The labrum is a cartilage ring …
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Rotator Cuff Injury & Conditions

Rotator cuff tears are a common source of shoulder pain. The rotator cuff is comprised of four muscles and several tendons that work to lift and rotate the shoulder, allowing people to perform tasks such …
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Shoulder Arthroscopy

What is Shoulder Arthroscopy? Shoulder arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The procedure requires only small incisions and is guided by a miniature viewing instrument or scope, which allows the doctor to examine the joint …
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Shoulder Dislocation

What is Dislocation of the Shoulder? Dislocation of the shoulder means the displacement of the upper arm bone (humerus) out of the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is the most frequently dislocated major joint of …
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Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

What is Impingement Syndrome of the Shoulder? Shoulder impingement syndrome is a painful condition in the shoulder.  It occurs when the tendons in the shoulder are irritated, inflamed or degenerated from repetitive overhead motions or structural abnormalities …
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Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Shoulder replacement surgery (total shoulder arthroplasty) is a surgical solution for shoulder pain that involves replacing arthritic joint surfaces and damaged bone with artificial devices. The shoulder is comprised of the collarbone (clavicle), the shoulder blade …
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Shoulder Separation

A shoulder separation is not truly an injury to the shoulder joint. The injury actually involves the acromioclavicular joint (also called the AC joint). The AC joint is where the collarbone meets the highest point …
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